Ilmu Gizi (zat Aditif Makanan Minuman) Additives In Foods And Beverages

Oleh Astrid Junita

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Transkrip Ilmu Gizi (zat Aditif Makanan Minuman) Additives In Foods And Beverages

ADDITIVES IN FOODS AND BEVERAGES 5th Group Astrid Junita Amalia Karim Sivtyana Nur Agiesta Syifa Azzahra Yenni Verawati FOODS What can we found in? 1 GAGA SARDINES CHILI & TOMATO Ingredients : • Monosodium Glutamate (MSG) • Stracth thickener MSG (Monosodium Glutamate) ■ Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) : 0 - 120 mg / kg body weight. (BPOM RI) ■ Impact on the body Groups that are sensitive to MSG have complaints of heat in the neck, arms and chest, followed by stiff muscles and spread to the back. TOO MUCH MSG : damage the function and morphology of retina, resulting glaucoma Source : Widyalita , Eka. March, 2014, (Ardyanto, 2004). “Analysis of Monosodium Glutamate (MSG) in Street Food at SD Lariangbangi Complex in Stratch Thickener (Emulsifier) ■ Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) : not limited. (BPOM RI) ■ Impact on the body Change the composition of intestinal bacteria, so you are more susceptible to disease. TOO MUCH : suppresses the growth of good bacteria (probiotics) in the intestine and increases the growth of bad bacteria, such as E. coli. This is related to the immune system, regulation of body weight, blood sugar, and food metabolism. Source : A research that published in 2012 by Plos One journal. (hellosehat.com) What can we found in? 2 NISSIN CHOCOLATE WAFERS Ing dr ed ient s : • • • • • Dextrose Sweetener Baking Soda Soybean Lecithin Emulsifier Artificial Chocolate Flavors Stracth Thickener Dextrose Sweetener ■ Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) : 0 - 3000 mg / kg body weight. (BPOM RI) ■ Impact on the body Must be carefully given to diabetics, because they may not be able to process dextrose as quickly as ordinary people without diabetes. TOO MUCH : Increase too much blood sugar (hyperglycemia). Source: www.sehatinstan.com (2017) Baking Soda ■ Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) : not limited. (BPOM RI) ■ Impact on the body the use of baking soda is a little so it is safe for our body. Also be used as an antacid drug (ulcer disease or gastric ulcer). TOO MUCH : High source of sodium for people with high blood pressure or heart disease. Source: www.alodokter.com (2018) Soybean Lecithin Emulsifier ■ Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) : not limited. (BPOM RI) ■ Impact on the body Lecithin is nutritional and non-toxic. Lecithin functions is to pass on nerve impulses and converted it into acetolins. TOO MUCH : Nausea, diarrhea, increased saliva, anorexia, and hepatitis. Source: www.hellosehat.com (2016) Stratch Thickener Thickener (Emulsifier) (Emulsifier) ■ Cause certain poisoning in children because children are not resistant to lactose, but not found to be toxic in adults. Artificial Chocolate Flavors ■ Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) : not limited. (BPOM RI) ■ Impact on the body Good for a diet because sweeteners are low-calorie sugar substitute, easy to use for diabetics. There is not much nutrient content obtained from artificial sweeteners. TOO MUCH : possibility of causing genetic disorders such as cancer, cell aging, and other organ damage. Source: www.klikdokter.com (2015) What can we found in? 3 Pronas Corned Beef Ingdredients : • Monosodium Glutamate (MSG) • Sequestered sodium tripolyphosphate • Preservative sodium nitrite MSG (Monosodium Glutamate) ■ Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) : 0 - 120 mg / kg body weight. (BPOM RI) ■ Impact on the body Groups that are sensitive to MSG have complaints nausea, headache, easily drowsy, excessive sweating, heart beat fast, and dificuilt breathing. Long term consequences : damage the function and morphology Source : Chefsteps, Rubenzahi. Jule, 2018, “Monosodium Glutamate (MSG)”. of brain, liver inflammation of the skin (Rubenzahi, 2018). Sequestered Sodium Tripolyphospate (Soften Food) ■ Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) : 0,4 % food volume Impact on the body : Your body will lack of Ca and other minerals, because the metal ions are affectively chelated. TOO MUCH : will cause magnesium deficiency, your skin will vulnerable to allergies, obesity, high blood preasure, and possibly cancer in long term of use. Source : A research that published in 2014 by Noviana Susilawati. [ http://novianasusilawati.blogspot.com/201 4/07/babi-pendahuluan-1.html Preservative Sodium Nitrite (NaN ■ Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) : 62,8 g/100 Kg Meat Impact on the body : When combined with high heat, nitrites can form nitrosamines, which are cancer – causing compound. TOO MUCH : will cause food poisoning, lung disease, raise risk of Diabetes type 1, Impais Oxygen Transport, even Alzheimer disease. Source : A research that published in March 2018 by Rachael Link, MS, RD [https://draxe.com/sodium-nitrite/] What can we found in? 4 Naraya Marsmellow Ingdr edients : Candy • Gelatin (Thickener) • Regulating acidity Citric Acid • Taste Strawberry Synthetic • FCF Clerry Diamond Blue Dye Gelatin (Thickener) ■ Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) : Depend on many factor like age, health history. But for certainity 10 g/day Impact on the body : TOO MUCH, It may cause increased risk of infection and compression of surrounding tissue due to fluid absorption, granuloma formation, and fibrosis. Source : A research that published in April 2019 by Slamet Purwanto [ https://www.slametpurwanto.com/gelatin/ Regulating Acidity Citric Acid ■ Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) : 3 g/ liter of juice from fruit Impact on the body : TOO MUCH, It may damage the body ability to absorp calcium and iron, vice versa it could increase intestine ability to absorp and increase alumunium level which is dangerous because it considered as poison in body, including the brain. It also cause corosine to teeth, sore throat, vomiting, indigestion, and difficulty breathing Source : A research that published in 2011 by Harry G. Brittain[ https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/agricultural-and- Taste Strawberry Synthetic ■ Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) : 0,5 mg/Kg Body Weight Impact on the body : TOO MUCH, It may cause headache and vomiting because of build up fenilalanine to became tyrosine in the neural tissue, it also make the body exhaust very fast, increase heartbeat pace, and possibly cancer. Source : A research that published in February 2014 by Unknown[ http://ahmadalmadi.blogspot.com/2014/02/daftar-zat-aditif- FCF Clerry Diamond Blue Dye ■ Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) : 12,5 mg/Kg Body Weight Impact on the body : TOO MUCH, It may cause allergies and hyperactivity to children, nausea, vomiting, high blood pressure, red spots on skin, difficult on breathing, and most deangrously increase sensitivity to disease caused by viruses. Source : A research that published in February 2014 by Unknown[ http://ahmadalmadi.blogspot.com/2014/02/daftar-zat-aditif- What can we found in? 5 SOSIS SO NICE Ingredients : • Monosodium Glutamate (MSG) • Ascorbic Acid • Carrageenan • Sodium Erythorbate MSG (Monosodium Glutamate) ■ Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) : 0 - 120 mg / kg body weight. (BPOM RI) ■ Impact on the body Groups that are sensitive to MSG have complaints of heat in the neck, arms and chest, followed by stiff muscles and spread to the back. TOO MUCH MSG : damage the function and morphology of retina, resulting glaucoma Source : Widyalita , Eka. March, 2014, (Ardyanto, 2004). “Analysis of Monosodium Glutamate (MSG) in Street Food at SD Lariangbangi Complex in Ascorbic Acid ■ Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) : 25-75 mg ■ Impact on the body a) Heartburn, stomach ache b) Nausea, diarrhea, stomach cramps c) Insomnia Source : Rege, Sameera. September, 2014. “Effect of Ascorbic Acid on the Oxidative Stability of Water-In-Oil Emulsion in the Presence of Lipophilic Antioxidants”. Carrageenan ■ Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) : not specified. ■ Impact on the body The results of research funded by the National Institute of Health and led by Dr. Joanne Tobacman said carrageenan could be a cause of stomach ulcers, colon cancer, and inflammation of the digestive tract. Source : Wells, Katie. April, 2019, “Carrageenan Safety, SideEffects & How to Avoid It”. Sodium Erythorbate ■ Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) : not specified. ■ Impact on the body Health effects, excessive antioxidants cause muscle weakness, nausea, dizziness, and loss of consciousness, while continuous use of low doses causes tumors, bladder, cancer around the stomach, and lung cancer. Source : eVerbum. June, 2012. Antioxidants, Acidity regulators”. “Food additives – What can we found in? 6 CANNED FRUIT Ingredients : • Acidity regulator (Citric Acid) Acidity regulator (Citric Acid) ■ Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) : not specified. ■ Impact on the body a) If you consume excessive citric acid can cause tooth corrosion b) If eye contact occurs, it can cause blindness c) When skin contact occurs, it can cause inflammation Source : eVerbum. June, 2012. Antioxidants, Acidity regulators”. “Food additives – What can we found in? 7 White Bread Ingredients : • Beta Karoten Cl 75130 • Kalsium Propionat Beta Karoten Cl 75130 ■ Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) : 150-180 mg / kg Body weight ■ Impact on the body : TOO MUCH : it can cause skin problems and risk lung cancer Source : A research that published in 2019 by Halo sehat [https://halosehat.com/gizi-nutrisi/vitamin/beta-karoten] Kalsium Propionat ■ Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) : 3,2 g / kg Body weight ■ Impact on the body : it can cause headaches, respiratory distress, cancer, and circulatory disorders Source : A research that published in 2015 by Prasetyo Utomo [https://ekoprasetya.wordpress.com/2010/05/18/bhanpengawet-makanan-yang-aman-di-gunakan-dalam- What can we found in? 8 Jelly Inaco Ingredients : • Citric Acid • Kalium sorbet Citric Acid ■ Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) : not specified. ■ Impact on the body TOO MUCH : It also cause corosine to teeth, sore throat, vomiting, indigestion, and difficulty breathing Source : A research that published in 2014 [https://www.researchgate.net/publication/ 265418663_Effects_of_the_food_additive_citric_acid_on_kid Kalium Sorbat ■ Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) : ■ Impact on the body TOO MUCH : it can cause headache, lowering the body’s imun system, allergic, indigestion, and stomach pains Source : A research that published in 2015 by Prasetyo Utomo [https://ekoprasetya.wordpress.com/2010/05/18/bhanpengawet-makanan-yang-aman-di-gunakan-dalam- What can we found in? 9 Silverqueen (Chunky Bar) Cashew Ing r edients : • Synthetic Vanilla Flavor • Soybean Lecithin Emulsifier (E-322; Soy, E-476) Synthetic Vanilla Flavor ■ Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) : not specified. ■ Impact on the body DISADVANTAGE: Low in Vitamins and Minerals. May Contain Alcohol Source : A research that published in 2019 by Nicki Wolf [https://www.livestrong.com/article/436468-advantages-anddisadvantages-of-imitation-vanilla-flavoring//] Soybean Lecithin Emulsifier ■ Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) : not limited. (BPOM RI) ■ Impact on the body Lecithin is nutritional and non-toxic. Lecithin functions is to pass on nerve impulses and converted it into acetolins. TOO MUCH : Nausea, diarrhea, increased saliva, anorexia, and hepatitis. Source: www.hellosehat.com (2016) What can we found in? 1 0 Lays (Grilled Chicken Paprika Flavor) Ing r edients : • Curcumin C.I 75300 • Annatto C.I 75120 • Mononatrium (or Monosodium) Glutamate Curcumin C.I 75300 ■ Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) : 0-3 mg/kg body weight (BPOM) ■ Impact on the body TOO MUCH : It also cause nausea, diarrhea, hives, or dizziness. Source : A research that published in 2014 by anolova Y, Deneva V, Antonov L, Drakalska E, Momekova D, Lambov N [https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/ S1386142514008889?via%3Dihub] Annatto C.I 75120 ■ Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) : 0-12 mg/kg body weight (BPOM) ■ Impact on the body TOO MUCH : Annatto can cause allergies and eczema. It is not always known which component in the mixture is the causative agent of the side effects. Source : A research that published in 2017 by Wageningen University [www.food-info.net/uk/e/e160b.htm] MSG (Monosodium Glutamate) ■ Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) : 0 - 120 mg / kg body weight. (BPOM RI) ■ Impact on the body Groups that are sensitive to MSG have complaints of heat in the neck, arms and chest, followed by stiff muscles and spread to the back. TOO MUCH MSG : damage the function and morphology of retina, resulting glaucoma Source : Widyalita , Eka. March, 2014, (Ardyanto, 2004). “Analysis of Monosodium Glutamate (MSG) in Street Food at SD Lariangbangi Complex in BEVERAGES What can we found in? 1 MARJAN SYRUP COCOPANDAN Ingredients : • • • • Citric Acid (Acidity Regulator) Artificial Cocopandan Flavors Tartrazine Dyes (CI 19140) Ponceau 4R Food Colour (CI 16255) Citric Acid (Acidity Regulator) ■ Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) : not limited. (BPOM RI) ■ Impact on the body If eye contact occurs, it can cause blindness. Skin contact can cause inflammation. TOO MUCH : Causing corrosion of teeth. If the oral pH reaches below the critical point of 5.5, the ion in the tooth will disappear into the environment in the mouth called demineralization. Source: www.halosehat.com (2015) Artificial Cocopandan Flavors ■ Compounds that are not present in nature and can only be made through a synthetic process but can give a certain flavor effect. ■ Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) : not limited. (BPOM RI) ■ Impact on the body TOO MUCH : possibility of causing genetic disorders such as cancer, cell aging, and other organ damage, because synthetic flavors are made from chemicals. Source: www.klikdokter.com (2015) Tartrazine Dyes (CI 19140) ■ Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) : 0 - 7,5 mg / kg body weight. (BPOM RI) ■ Impact on the body Allergic reactions to some people, specifically those with asthma or aspirin intolerance, urticaria (hives), swelling of the lips, tongue, throat, and neck, and loss of concentration and hyperactivity in children. May cause adverse effects to the integumentary system, and atopic dermatitis (skin rashes related to allergies). Source: www.naturalpedia.com and www.verywellhealth.com Ponceau 4R Food Colour (CI 16255) ■ Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) : 0 - 4 mg / kg body weight. (BPOM RI) ■ Impact on the body Trigger allergic reactions in people who are allergic to aspirin and those who are asthmatic. Ponceau 4R is a potential skin sensitizer, and can cause allergic enzematous contact dermatitis. TOO MUCH : Cause enlargement of the liver and kidneys, has cancer-causing elements, intestinal tumors and diarrhea, or even anaphylaxis (a lifethreatening allergic reaction). Source: www.naturalpedia.com What can we found in? 2 WRP ON THE GO CHOCOLATE FLAVOUR Ing r edients : Skimmed Milk Powder Natural-Identical Chocolate Flavors Artificial Sucralose Sweetener Polydectrosa Fiber (Containing Natural Sorbitol Sweetener) • Maltodextrin • Phosphate and Vegetable Stabilizer • • • • Skimmed Milk Powder ■ Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) : not limited. (BPOM RI) ■ Impact on the body Skim milk or low-fat milk which unwittingly causes the body to want more sugar or carbohydrates. TOO MUCH : Causes the body to lack fat intake, increase the risk of diabetes. Source: Circulation Journal (2016) Natural-Identical Chocolate Flavors ■ Compounds that can be extracted or found in nature but in the manufacturing process are made by chemically (synthetic). ■ Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) : not limited. (BPOM RI) ■ Impact on the body Headaches or migraines, rashes (hives, eczema, dermatitis, other itchy rashes), stomach aches, bloating, reflux, constipation, bedwetting, sneaky poos, asthma, frequent cough, stuffy or runny nose, frequent colds, flu, ear infections, joint pains, swelling of the joints, heart palpitations, fast heart beat, pseudo heart attack. Source: www.femina.co.id with consultant Prof. Dr.Ir. Nuri Andarwulan, M.Si. (Guru Besar Tetap Departemen Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, IPB, Bogor) Ilmu Dan Teknologi Pangan Artificial Sucralose Sweetener ■ Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) : 0 - 15 mg / kg body weight. (BPOM RI) ■ Impact on the body Rising blood sugar levels and insulin, but depends on habits of each individual in consuming artificial sweeteners. Those who have or are used to consuming artificial sweeteners will not experience changes in blood sugar levels or insulin, but who are not used to consuming artificial sweeteners will get some of the effects above Source: www.hellosehat.com (2018) Natural Sorbitol Sweetener ■ Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) : not limited. (BPOM RI) ■ Impact on the body Diarrhea, abdominal pain, vomiting, extreme weight loss Source: Emi Sulami, 2009. SehatkahBahanTambahanMakananmu?. Intan Pariwara. Klaten Maltodextrin ■ Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) : not limited. (BPOM RI) ■ Impact on the body Energy sources for the body. Has a high glycemic index so it can increase blood sugar levels very quickly, dangerous for diabetics, change the composition of intestinal bacteria. TOO MUCH : Can cause weight gain and insufficient vitamin and mineral needs, abdominal pain, flatulence, diarrhea, vomiting, rash, and asthma. Source: Plos One Journal (2012), www.hellosehat.com (2017) Phosphate and Vegetable Stabilizer ■ Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) : not limited. (BPOM RI) ■ Impact on the body Contains trans fat, can lead to obesity, cancer, and increase the risk of heart disease. TOO MUCH : Causes heart disease and inflammation, stabilizer also contains chemicals that trigger infertility, liver damage, and reduce immune system Source: www.bakrie.ac.id What can we found in? 3 Naraya Marsmellow Ingdredients : Candy • Regulating acidity Citric Acid • Taste Manggo Synthetic • Natural Coloring Carotene CI Regulating Acidity Citric Acid ■ Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) : 3 g/ liter of juice from fruit Impact on the body : TOO MUCH, It may damage the body ability to absorp calcium and iron, vice versa it could increase intestine ability to absorp and increase alumunium level which is dangerous because it considered as poison in body, including the brain. It also cause corosine to teeth, sore throat, vomiting, indigestion, and difficulty breathing Source : A research that published in 2011 by Harry G. Brittain[ https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/agricultural-and- Taste Manggo Synthetic ■ Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) : 0,5 mg/Kg Body Weight Impact on the body : TOO MUCH, It may cause headache and vomiting because of build up fenilalanine to became tyrosine in the neural tissue, it also make the body exhaust very fast, increase heartbeat pace, and possibly cancer. Source : A research that published in February 2014 by Unknown[ http://ahmadalmadi.blogspot.com/2014/02/daftar-zat-aditif- Natural Coloring Carotene CI ■ Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) : for the age above 16, 180 mg every day Impact on the body : TOO MUCH, It may cause allergies, hyperactivity to children, red spot on skin, joint pain, nausea, asthma, diarrhea, damage to the kidney, and worse cancer. Source : A research that published in February 2014 by Unknown[ http://ahmadalmadi.blogspot.com/2014/02/daftar-zat-aditif- What can we found in? 4 Naraya Marsmellow Ingdredients : Candy • FCF Clerry Diamond Blue Dye • Taste Strawberry Synthetic • Natural Coloring Carmin CI FCF Clerry Diamond Blue Dye ■ Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) : 12,5 mg/Kg Body Weight Impact on the body : TOO MUCH, It may cause allergies and hyperactivity to children, nausea, vomiting, high blood pressure, red spots on skin, difficult on breathing, and most deangrously increase sensitivity to disease caused by viruses. Source : A research that published in February 2014 by Unknown[ http://ahmadalmadi.blogspot.com/2014/02/daftar-zat-aditif- Taste Strawberry Synthetic ■ Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) : 0,5 mg/Kg Body Weight Impact on the body : TOO MUCH, It may cause headache and vomiting because of build up fenilalanine to became tyrosine in the neural tissue, it also make the body exhaust very fast, increase heartbeat pace, and possibly cancer. Source : A research that published in February 2014 by Unknown[ http://ahmadalmadi.blogspot.com/2014/02/daftar-zat-aditif- Natural Coloring Carmin CI ■ Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) : 0,5 mg/Kg Body Weight Impact on the body : TOO MUCH, It may cause heavy allergies because it is contain some insect component especially to the one with asthma, hyperactivity to children, and possibly tiroid cancer, because it can increase tiroid level. Source : A research that published in February 2014 by Unknown[ http://ahmadalmadi.blogspot.com/2014/02/daftar-zat-aditif- What can we found in? 5 FANTA Ingdr edients : • Citric acid • Sodium benzoate • Karmoisin Cl 14720 Citric Acid ■ Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) : not specified. ■ Impact on the body TOO MUCH : It also cause corosine to teeth, sore throat, vomiting, indigestion, and difficulty breathing Source : A research that published in 2014 [https://www.researchgate.net/publication/ 265418663_Effects_of_the_food_additive_citric_acid_on_kid Sodium Benzoate ■ Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) : The WHO has set the acceptable daily intake (ADI) level for sodium benzoate to 0–2.27 mg per pound (0–5 mg per kg) of body weight. ■ Impact on the body TOO MUCH : 1. Inflammation : This includes inflammation promoting cancer development 2. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) : A study of college students linked ADHD with higher intake of sodium benzoate in beverages 3. Oxidative stress: Test-tube studies suggest that the higher the concentration of sodium benzoate, the more free radicals are created. Free radicals can damage your cells and increase chronic disease risk 4. Allergies Source : A research that published in 2019 by Marsha McCulloch [https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/sodium- Karmoisin Cl 14720 ■ Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) : 0 – 4 mg/kg Body weight Impact on the body TOO MUCH : It may cause heavy allergies because it is contain some insect component especially to the one with asthma, hyperactivity to children and activing neuronal cell in the body Source : A research that published in 2013 by Finisa bustani [https://journal.unnes.ac.id/sju/index.php/fsce] What can we found in? 6 ULTRA MILK Ingdredients : • Synthetic flavor Synthetic Flavor ■ Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) : 0,5 mg/Kg Body Weight Impact on the body TOO MUCH : Can cause a blood circulation problem, cancer, cell aging, and organ damage Source : A research that published in 2016 by Kimia TmTK C [http://kimiatmtkc.blogspot.com/2016/03/perisa-sintesisdalam-makanan-dan.html] What can we found in? 7 HYDRO COCO Ingredients : • Synthetic Flavour • Vegetable Stabilizer • Acidity Regulator Synthetic Flavour ■ Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) : not specified. ■ Impact on the body The negative impact of synthetic flavour is the emergence of health problems and diseases such as tiredness, high heart rate, nerve disorders, and cancer. Source : Chemical Regulations, Food and Beverage. April, 2014. “Synthetic vs. Natural Flavors: How Science in Food Production Is Protecting Natural Resources”. Vegetable Stabilizer ■ Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) : not specified. ■ Impact on the body a) Causes heart disease and inflammation b) Contains chemical substitutes for infertility, liver damage and decreases the immune system Source : eVerbum. June, 2012. “Food additives – Thickeners, Stabilizers, Emulsifiers”. Acidity Regulator ■ Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) : not specified. ■ Impact on the body a) If you consume excessive citric acid can cause tooth corrosion b) If eye contact occurs, it can cause blindness c) When skin contact occurs, it can cause inflammation Source : eVerbum. June, 2012. Antioxidants, Acidity regulators”. “Food additives – What can we found in? 8 MOGU MOGU Ingredients : • Acidity Regulator (Citric Acid) • Lychee flavour • Sodium benzoate • Red food coloring allura CI 16035 • Diamond blue CI 42090 Acidity regulator (Citric Acid) ■ Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) : not specified. ■ Impact on the body a) If you consume excessive citric acid can cause tooth corrosion b) If eye contact occurs, it can cause blindness c) When skin contact occurs, it can cause inflammation Source : eVerbum. June, 2012. Antioxidants, Acidity regulators”. “Food additives – Lychee flavor ■ Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) : not specified. ■ Impact on the body Because synthetic flavoring is made from chemicals, if its use is too excessive it will have a negative impact on the body and endanger health. One of them is the possibility of causing genetic disorders such as cancer, cell aging, and other organ damage. Source : Chemical Regulations, Food and Beverage. April, 2014. “Synthetic vs. Natural Flavors: How Science in Food Production Is Protecting Natural Resources”. Sodium benzoate ■ Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) : 1500 mg/kg ■ Impact on the body Negative impact if consumed excessively that can cause stress, damage blood circulation, cause a heart attack, and others. Source : McCulloch, Marsha. January, 2019. “Sodium Benzoate: Uses, Dangers, and Safety”. Red food coloring allura CI 16035 ■ Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) : not specified. ■ Impact on the body Allergic symptoms on the skin and trigger spleen cancer. Source : Anonim. 2017. “Red Food Coloring - Natural Red Color & Artificial Red Dye (Allura Red)”. Diamond blue CI 42090 ■ Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) : not specified. ■ Impact on the body Allergic symptoms in children. Source : Anita. 2019. “Manfaat dan bahaya si “biru” bagi kesehatan”. What can we found in? 9 Ale-Ale (Strawberry Flavoured) Ingredients : • Natrium (or Sodium) Cyclamate • Acesulfame-K 18 • Natrium (or Sodium) Benzoate • Taste Strawberry Synthetic Natrium Cyclamate ■ Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) : not specified. Cyclamate is also combined with other sweeteners, particularly saccharin, to improve palatability. ■ Impact on the body: Cancer risk and contributed to testicular atrophy and interrupted the maturation of sperm (in a subset of monkeys fed cyclamate over a long period of time) Source : A research that published in 2018 by Chris Daniels [https://healthyeating.sfgate.com/side-effects-sodiumcyclamate-1903.html] Acesulfame-K 18 ■ Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) : 1500 mg/kg of body weight per day ■ Impact on the body a) Acesulfame K may cause premature delivery or affect the taste preferences of babies whose mothers eat a lot of the sweetener. One animal study suggests that long-term use may impair brain function. Source : A research that published in 2018 by Helen West [https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/318604.php] Sodium Benzoate ■ Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) : The WHO has set the acceptable daily intake (ADI) level for sodium benzoate to 0–2.27 mg per pound (0–5 mg per kg) of body weight. ■ Impact on the body TOO MUCH : 1. Inflammation : This includes inflammation promoting cancer development 2. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) : A study of college students linked ADHD with higher intake of sodium benzoate in beverages 3. Oxidative stress: Test-tube studies suggest that the higher the concentration of sodium benzoate, the more free radicals are created. Free radicals can damage your cells and increase chronic disease risk 4. Allergies Source : A research that published in 2019 by Marsha McCulloch [https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/sodium- Taste Strawberry Synthetic ■ Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) : 0,5 mg/Kg Body Weight Impact on the body : TOO MUCH, It may cause headache and vomiting because of build up fenilalanine to became tyrosine in the neural tissue, it also make the body exhaust very fast, increase heartbeat pace, and possibly cancer. Source : A research that published in February 2014 by Unknown[http://ahmadalmadi.blogspot.com/2014/02/daftar -zat-aditif-kegunaan-dampak.html] What can we found in? 1 0 Kratingdaeng Ingredients : • Ponceau 4R C.I 16255 • Tartrazine C.I 19140 • Citric Acid • Trisodium Citrate • Sodium Benzoate Ponceau 4R Food Colour (CI 16255) ■ Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) : 0 - 4 mg / kg body weight. (BPOM RI) ■ Impact on the body Trigger allergic reactions in people who are allergic to aspirin and those who are asthmatic. Ponceau 4R is a potential skin sensitizer, and can cause allergic enzematous contact dermatitis. TOO MUCH : Cause enlargement of the liver and kidneys, has cancer-causing elements, intestinal tumors and diarrhea, or even anaphylaxis (a lifethreatening allergic reaction). Source: www.naturalpedia.com Tartrazine Dyes (CI 19140) ■ Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) : 0 - 7,5 mg / kg body weight. (BPOM RI) ■ Impact on the body Allergic reactions to some people, specifically those with asthma or aspirin intolerance, urticaria (hives), swelling of the lips, tongue, throat, and neck, and loss of concentration and hyperactivity in children. May cause adverse effects to the integumentary system, and atopic dermatitis (skin rashes related to allergies). Source: www.naturalpedia.com and www.verywellhealth.com Citric Acid ■ Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) : not specified. ■ Impact on the body a) If you consume excessive citric acid can cause tooth corrosion b) If eye contact occurs, it can cause blindness c) When skin contact occurs, it can cause inflammation Source : eVerbum. June, 2012. Antioxidants, Acidity regulators”. “Food additives – Trisodium Citrate ■ Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) : not specified. ■ Impact on the body Too much: Cough and sore throat Source : A research that published in 2017 by TabletWise [https://www.tabletwise.com/medicine-id/trisodium-citratedihydrate] Sodium Benzoate ■ Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) : 0–2.27 mg per pound (0–5 mg per kg) of body weight. (WHO) ■ Impact on the body TOO MUCH : 1. Inflammation : This includes inflammation promoting cancer development 2. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) : A study of college students linked ADHD with higher intake of sodium benzoate in beverages 3. Oxidative stress: Test-tube studies suggest that the higher the concentration of sodium benzoate, the more free radicals are created. Free radicals can damage your cells and increase chronic disease risk 4. Allergies Source : A research that published in 2019 by Marsha McCulloch [https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/sodium-

Judul: Ilmu Gizi (zat Aditif Makanan Minuman) Additives In Foods And Beverages

Oleh: Astrid Junita


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